There are generally three options for a homeowner after the bank sends its pre-foreclosure notices:
1. Cure The Default – Within 30 days from the date of the ACT 91 Notice, the borrower may cure the default by bringing the mortgage current. The borrower must pay the total amount past due plus late fees. There also may be associated attorney or legal fees.
A. If the default is cured before the lender refers the account to their attorney, the borrower will not incur any legal fees.
B. If the default is cured after the lender has referred the account to his attorney but prior to commencement of legal proceedings, the homeowner will be responsible for legal fees up to and not in excess of $50.00.
C. If the default is cured after the lender’s attorney has begun legal proceedings, the homeowner will be responsible for ALL legal fees (even those in excess of $50.00).
2. Meet With A Consumer Credit Counselor – Within 30 days from the date of the ACT 91 notice, the borrower may meet with a consumer credit counselor located in the county where the mortgaged property is located.
Borrower has 30 days from the date of this meeting to file a HEMAP application. The consumer credit counselor will supply the application and assist the borrower in completing it. They are the only agency approved for submission of the application.
HEMAP may take up to 60 days to make a decision. During this time, no foreclosure proceedings may be brought against the borrower.
3. Homeowner Takes No Action – If the homeowner takes no action within 30 days from the date of the Act 91 Notice, the lender will exercise her right to accelerate the mortgage debt. The entire outstanding balance becomes due immediately and the borrower loses the right to pay the mortgage in monthly installments. The lender refers the account to her foreclosure attorney who begins the legal process of foreclosing on the mortgaged property. A lawsuit can then be filed in the county where the property is located. An answer must be filed with the court within thirty days or else the bank may secure a default judgment against the homeowner.